Muscular dystrophy is a disorder of the musculoskeletal system that is characterized by the progressive weakening of several muscle groups. This disorder has many genetic presentations that give rise to different types and forms. The expansion of physiotherapy home service network in urban and suburban areas are coming up with new techniques and better solution to deal with this problem.
The role of medication and corrective surgeries is well known as part of the management of muscular dystrophy. Physiotherapy is a therapeutic science that uses manual skills and thermal modalities to correct deviations from the normal healthy process. Muscular dystrophy will reduce the independence of the people. The reduction of strength, function and mobility can be improved in some way in Physiotherapy. The physiotherapists will establish achievable goals and work towards these objectives with the individual and the family. By achieving smaller, regular objectives, larger objectives, such as mobility, will be improved. The physiotherapy home service is also playing a significant role in curing this problem in an effective manner.
Muscular dystrophy is a hereditary disorder. Mutations in the genetic structure lead to an alteration in the sarcolemmal structure of the muscle fibre. A protein complex, dystrophin-glycoprotein, is responsible for binding all muscle fibres in a muscle group. Genetic mutations resulting from an inheritance or defective development during the embryonic stage interrupt these complexes and, henceforth, make the musculoskeletal system of the human body susceptible to dystrophic/atrophic changes.
The main objective of physiotherapy in patients with DM is to maintain the function available in their extremities and achieve the possible improvement in the associated disabilities. This would help the patient to reach a socially functional state so that he/she can function in the environment, by their own will, achieving a sense of independence in the patients.
There are several therapeutic practices that could help patients with DM and those therapeutic practices; The physiotherapist has the duty to advise the patient about what his condition is and how he can expect to change in the course of the disease.
Parents/guardians/ caregivers should be informed about the progressive and degrading condition of the disease and the fatality of the condition, if applicable. The need for the physiotherapy regimen should be explained, which should also be followed at home after one or two sessions under the supervision of the physiotherapist. The results are not achieved only in physiotherapy sessions, so it is essential that the exercises and routines are kept out of the clinic, in the environment of the individual in which they operate.