Scoliosis causes the spine to curve to the sides, causing pain, weakness and changes in the way a person walks. Exercise and stretching are vital components of the treatment.
In mild cases, people can treat scoliosis with specific exercises and stretches alone, eliminating the need for surgery. Proper diagnostic and service also play a crucial role so check out the best physiotherapy service in south Kolkata.
While some medical conditions can cause scoliosis, the most common form of scoliosis is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This form of scoliosis develops while a person continues to grow and affects 2-3% of the population.
While research has found evidence to support specific exercises for scoliosis, it is a good idea for a person with scoliosis to talk to a doctor or physiotherapist about the best stretches and exercises for them.
The correct scoliosis exercises depend on the location of the scoliosis curve. People with lower back scoliosis should focus on exercising the lower back, while people with thoracic scoliosis should exercise the shoulders.
Doctors can recommend the following exercises and stretch for people with scoliosis:
A tilt of the pelvis will help stretch the tense muscles in the hips and lower back. To do a pelvic tilt:
People can strengthen their lower back with raised arms and legs. To make the rises:
The camel-cat is a yoga pose. It can help keep the spine flexible and pain-free. To make the camel-cat pose:
The Bird-Dog is another exercise inspired by yoga. To do this exercise:
Latissimus dorsi helps you to stretch (the largest muscle in the upper body) with this move. Thoracic scoliosis directly affects these muscles. Lumbar scoliosis can also cause a strain on the back that extends to the latissimus dorsi.
To do a wide dorsal stretch:
Having strong abdominal muscles can help relieve pressure on the back muscle. It can also help a person maintain good posture.
To make an abdominal press:
Practising good posture
Good posture can reduce pain and muscle tension. Several times a day, a person can realign their body to help them learn to maintain good posture naturally.
To have a good posture when standing:
When sitting, keep your back straight and your ears on your shoulders. The legs should be in a neutral position and not crossed.
It can help to scan the body for signs of tension. For example, some people unconsciously tighten their shoulders or lean slightly to the side, especially when they are in pain or under stress.
Scoliosis varies from mild to severe. In some cases, observation and exercises at home are enough to correct a spinal curve.
In the most severe cases, a person may need additional treatment, which includes braces, surgery and physical therapy and is available on physiotherapy service in south Kolkata.
Because scoliosis can affect a person’s mobility and general well-being, it is vital to consult a scoliosis expert before deciding on a course of treatment.